Iron Age/Roman (c. 1000 BC-410 AD)

Iron Age. The most impressive site in our area is at Burrough Hill. This Iron Age hill fort provides a splendid view and strategically this means it can be easily defended. The Iron Age finds found closer to Melton Mowbray show a farming community evolving here. Both saddle and round querns have been found here showing that flour was being ground from locally grown grain.
The Iron Age saw the clearing of woodland and the use of oxen for ploughing.

Year 0. While in Britain our Iron Age Meltonians were settled in their farming communities and hill forts, far away in a country called Israel, at the edge of the Roman Empire a baby was born. His name was Jesus. His mother was called Mary. Jesus was trained as a carpenter by his father, Joseph. It would be the teaching of Jesus’ last three years of life, his crucifixion at the age of 33, subsequent resurrection, and the teaching of his disciples and followers that would have the biggest effect on the history of Melton Mowbray, through the influences of the Christian faith and religion.

Roman. In AD 23 the Roman Empire was expanding and one report from this time explains part of why the Romans eventually invaded Britain.

In AD 43. “Britain produces corn, cattle, gold, silver, iron. All these are exported together with hides, slaves and dogs for
hunting”.

The Military centres at Leicester and Lincoln, among others, were linked by straight roads that criss-crossed the area such as at Six Hills on the Fosse Way.

Not all the Roman settlers during their 400 year occupation were soldiers. The excavations at the Country Park revealed a Roman farmstead. The finds left by these settlers include this small flanged bowl, 3rd/4th century from the Nene valley, and coins that show the changing fortunes of the Christian religion. The Chi-Rho is one of the early Christian symbols and appeared on Roman coins after Constantine took Christianity as the State Religion. The earlier Diocletian coin represents one of the periods of violent persecutions of Christians.

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1. Stone Age/Bronze Age (pre-history–c.1000 BC)
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